A pilonidal cyst (also known as a sacrococcygeal fistula) is a growth abnormality that occurs at the base of the back (at the top of the buttocks), which can become infected and filled with pus. Once a cyst has become infected, it is referred to as a pilonidal abscess and looks like a very large pimple directly above the buttocks. Men are more likely to develop these types of abnormal growths than women. The cysts normally occur in younger adults and can cause a great deal of discomfort and embarrassment. If you are suffering from an abscess on or near the tailbone, please don’t hesitate to contact the surgeons at our colorectal center for a consultation.
To learn more, please visit WebMD’s page on about pilonidal cysts.
What Causes a Cyst?
The term “pilonidal” actually stems from the Latin term for “nest of hair,” and it’s not uncommon to find hair follicles within an abscess. It is believed that the cyst of hair develops from impaction of hair follicles beneath the skin.
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Symptoms of an Abscess
There are a number of symptoms associated with tailbone and buttock abscesses. The first and foremost is pain at the base of the back. This is usually accompanied by swelling and redness in the area. Patients can also experience fevers and pus drainage.
It’s important to have any cyst or growth at the base of your spine checked in order to prevent symptoms from worsening. These types of growths need to be drained in order to heal. In general, boils do not clear up with antibiotics and require the treatment of a surgeon in order to heal. If you or someone you know is experiencing the above symptoms, be sure to consult our expert surgical team in Los Angeles immediately.
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Sacrococcygeal Fistula Treatments
Though some individuals initially try home remedies for treating a pilonidal abscess, the primary and preferred method for treating an acutely infected cyst is through surgery. Surgical treatment involves making an incision directly into the infection in order to allow for drainage of the wound. The procedure is fast, efficient, and can be performed under a local anesthetic.
The definitive treatment for an infected abscess requires surgery to remove the cyst cavity in its entirety. Numerous different techniques are utilized, which vary in technical difficulty. Surgeons fellowship trained and specializing in this field are able to use advanced techniques to minimize recovery and wounds.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q: What is a pilonidal cyst?
A: A pilonidal cyst is an abnormal growth that occurs at the gluteal cleft. The growth is susceptible to becoming infected and pus-filled.
Q: Are there certain factors that make people more or less susceptible to having a cyst?
A: Individuals who are hirsute are most at risk for developing sacrococcygeal fistulas and abscesses. Also, younger individuals have a higher risk of suffering from this condition.
Q: What are the causes of a tailbone abscess?
A: Although there is some disagreement about the causes of abscesses in the tailbone or buttocks, most doctors agree that the condition stems from hair follicles that nest underneath the skin.
Q: What are the most common treatments for cysts?
A: There are a number of treatments. The first time a cyst is treated a doctor will lance (i.e. puncture) drain the cyst. Eventually, surgery may be necessary. There are a number of surgical procedures that can be performed on an outpatient basis.
Call Our Colorectal Center Today
Dr. Kamrava and his expert team of surgeons specialize in treating individuals with cysts and abscesses. Don’t hesitate to get treated by professional surgeons and doctors who are here to help you at 888.397.7135. The faster you act, the better you will feel. Contact our Los Angeles center today to schedule an appointment!
Next, learn about removal options for abscesses and cysts.